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is a warm season grass. Thus, it is native to more warmer, temperate climates.
Originating in the 25 - 30 degree latitude area of Southern Brazil & Paraguay, it does
well at those same latitude areas in North America. Below is a generalized map
showing the transition zone for warm and cool season grasses. Pensacola Bahiagrass
can survive extended low temperatures even into the transition zone belt, while Argentine
Bahiagrass requires a higher temperature to survive.
Soil: pH From 6-7.5 is ideal. - Grows well in sandy
to and poor infertile soils. Will grow in slightly acidic soils.
Shade: Will grow in
moderate to light shade, but is not the best grass for
shady warm season areas. Prefers full sun areas.
Over time may thin out and die under the drip line of shady
Establishment time: From seed, varies from 4-6 months to up to two years for a
fully compact growth. - Can be established by sprigging and from sod also. - Germination
time is 30 days under normal warm moist conditions.
Find the Right-Stuff Grass for your lawn.
Bahiagrass was introduced into Florida
around 1914, when an extension agent in Pensacola Florida noticed it growing on the banks
near the docks. Evidently the seeds had arrived in the stomachs of cattle and ships
ballast shipped in from Southern Brazil and started growing in the similar climate and
soils. From that beginning the seeds were multiplied and new varieties were
introduced until today Bahia covers millions of acres throughout the Southern USA.
Each year over Eight million pounds of Bahiagrass seed are sold, planting and improving
extensive acreage's of pasture and lawns.
|Adaptation: Warm season areas from the
temperate climate into the tropics. Bahia will not tolerate severe freezes of extended low
temps without winter-kill. Tifton 9 and Pensacola are more cold hardy than Argentine in clay to
sandy soils in the southern areas where temperatures average above 20 degrees.
Argentine is the least cold hardy of the
surviving without winter kill north of the Tifton, Georgia area (about 75 miles north of
Florida / Georgia border). Argentine does survive more northern areas near the coast
where freezing temps are not severe.
PENSACOLA OR TIFTON 9 BAHIA
Pensacola and Tifton 9 have good winter survival up to and in parts of the transition zone
For Information about the various adaptation
characteristics of Bahiagrass against those of other grasses, visit the warm season grass
comparison charts located at www.lawngrasses.com
PASTURE Adaptations of Bahia
grasses are from the
tropical to the sub tropical and into the inland coastal areas of the United States from
South Carolina to Texas. Bahia grasses are one of the main grasses grown in the pampas
regions of South America and along the coastal areas of Argentina.
Bahia's are adapted to a
wide variety of soils from sandy to clay mixes of low fertility.
Argentine Bahia is adapted
to the wetter, hotter climates along the inner coastal areas of higher rainfall.
The other Bahias
are more adapted to the dryer
and cooler south where light freezes are normal. Bahia can be used for hay but it is not
the easiest to cut due to the low growing quality of the grass. Best used in pastures and
can be planted alongside legumes and inter-seeded with ryes if needed for cooler season
forage. Used in full time pastures or rotational systems to provide additional forage.
Protein level for Bahia is from 3-8.
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