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Argentine Bahiagrass can make great low-maintenance lawns.
Argentine is a Bahia "selection"
of Bahiagrass that originated from the country of Argentina in South America. The
variety was developed by University initially for its forage production qualities.
This vareity is also sometimes referred to as "Argentina" Bahia.
Argentine has wide broad leaves with a good darker green color,
making it more suitable for Lawns in Florida and other Coastal Southern states. It's susceptibility to cold, results in winter kill of stands planted North of approximately Tifton, Georgia. It is used extensively for lawns, because of its attractive look
and the fact that it produces less "objectionable" seed heads than other Bahias.
Best for use in full sun areas.
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is also used extensively in Florida and other coastal areas for pasture
purposes. It is popular for use in wetter areas, due to it's ability to stand more
more than the Pensacola Bahia variety. It produces tremendous forage under proper
conditions. Argentine's only drawbacks are Ergot seed (diseased seed) produced on
seed heads and the attribute of the sod to form a dense "sod bound" turf,
requiring renovation (each 3-5 year period) for maintaining high rates of forage
- Germination of Argentine
For Argentine Pastures - Seeding
rate should be 25-50 lbs per acre..... Higher rates can result in faster
establishment. Most agronomists recommend
at least 25-30 lbs acre.
Argentine can at times be a little difficult to
establish. It is more susceptible
to soil and weather conditions than is Pensacola
Bahia which affects the germination. It also has few dormant seeds, so adverse
conditions when planted can be a factor. Water being the key factor, to initiate the
germination and keep the plants alive until they grow big enough for their root systems to
establish. It normally germinates in 10-20 days with 14 days considered the normal
germinating time under ideal conditions. I have seen locations where Argentine seeds
planted in March, were still just germinating in September - October. The key is
water, fertilize, keep your area planted mowed to reduce weed competition and be patient.
Argentine & Shade - Argentine Bahia has minimal shade
tolerance. Best choice for shade in warm season lawns is a St. Augustine
Grass - Bahiagrass will slowly thin out under the drip line of shady trees and
will generally not survive long term as the shade tolerance is limited.
Argentine tends to have slightly higher shade tolerance than Pensacola. In
general it should be used for full sun areas. - Shade tolerance:
http://www.lawngrasses.com/info/graphs.html#Shade . Also read our site
on shade issues - www.shadegrass.com
PASTURE USE: Argentine Bahia Grass
originated from the country of Argentina and was brought to the U.S.
in the 1940’s. This grass has a thinner blade and better forage for
horses and cows as to palatability. The areas that best support
Argentine are wetter soils, higher humidity, and soils of low
fertility. This variety grows best in the more sub tropical areas of
higher rainfall. Seeded easily and fast growing, forming a dense
thick sod once it is established. Low fertility requirements and a
long lived perennial grass. Only limited growth is possible where grass
grows under the trees . Bahiagrass is primarily a full sun
Right: Argentine Bahiagrass seed.
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