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|There are some
major lawn blade "characteristics" between the two major
varieties of Bahia grass planted - Primarily leaf width
and color >>>>>>.
One is wide (Argentine leaf on left)
And the other one is much more narrow (Pensacola leaf on
right) -- The Argentine makes the better lawn grass with
generally a darker green color, but
it limited in planting areas due to cold tolerance -
It should only be used in very mild
climates. Pensacola can be planted further
north, to as far North as Northern Georgia / Tenn.
line or similar climate areas.
BAHIA - Often Called
Bahai.... is named after the Brazilian state of Bahia.
|Bahiagrass is adapted to climatic conditions throughout Florida and
the Southern parts of Florida. and it can be grown on upland well-drained sands as well as
the moist, poorly-drained flat woods
soils of peninsular Florida.
In Florida, Bahiagrass is used on more
land area than any other single pasture species, covering an estimated 2-5 million acres. Bahiagrass
is also planted throughout the Southern states up to and including the transition zone area. The main differences are
leaf width and plant hardiness between the different varieties.
Varieties: Lawns & Pastures: The main
commercially used varieties are Pensacola, Argentine, Tifton 9. Our pages on each variety
above provide specific information on these varieties. All varieties require
frequent mowing to establish a dense sod and keep weeds from seeding. After the
tillered sufficiently it will usually crowd out weeds. Early spring mowing and some
fertilization can help Bahia accomplish this task before weeds have a chance to get
started. Herbicides can be applied following the guidelines on the various products.
Pensacola Grows in the dryer and cooler areas than Argentine and can extend up
through parts of the transitional climates. Tifton 9 is an improved selection of
Pensacola more suitable for increase pasture forage.
- More Pensacola information
Argentine: Grows in the wetter and warmer areas like a
true tropical grower. Preferably in higher rainfall areas. It likes moist wet soil
and will even survive in standing water for a period of time. Very prolific forage
producer. Considered the BEST of the LAWN Bahias. Has a wide blade (see picture above).
- More Argentine information
Tifton 9 Pensacola: is a fine blade Bahia, with faster
growing and establishes quicker in the seedling stage. It has a more even texture than
Argentine or Pensacola for lawns. It is actually an improved selection of Pensacola.
- More Tifton 9 information
BAHIAGRASS VARIETY AND FORAGE
INFO FROM - UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA IFAS:
Tifton 9 Bahia:
Bahiagrass for forage:
|Other Bahiagrass Varieties
Common: Not available commercially
anymore. This variety has basically been replaced by the improved Pensacola Bahia.
It was the lowest quality of the Bahias with poor cold tolerance and open growth
characteristics providing poor density in turfgrass sod. Not suitable for lawns.
Seaside Paspalum Bahia: (P. vaginatum) - This Bahia was used
for lawn areas along coastal zones. Has a higher soil salt tolerance than other
Bahia, and will grow in brackish sites and estuaries. It is not currently available
commercially as seed but will probably be in the future.
Actually a different species than the other "types" of bahiagrass.
It is available as a lawn plug
or sod variety.
Paraguayan Bahia: Sometimes called Texas Bahia because of its
importation from Brazil to Texas. It has a grayish appearance on its leaves and is
similar to Argentine Bahia in overall appearance and characteristics. Its low
cold-hardiness and disease resistance make it less desirable than Argentine and Pensacola
Bahia. Mostly used for pasture purposes in wetter areas. Only
Wilmington Bahia: A fine leaf Bahia similar in leaf quality to
Pensacola Bahia. Does not produce viable seeds in commercial quantities.
Considered to have a better turf quality than the Pensacola varieties along with most
cold-tolerance of the bahias. Discovered near Wilmington NC after importation from
Brazil. No longer commercially produced.
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